Franciscans

   The Order of Friars Minor ("Little Brothers"), founded by St. Francis of Assisi (1181-1226), one of the most remarkable persons of the Middle Ages in the West. In 1210 Pope Innocent III (q.v.) allowed Francis to govern his followers as a religious order. Dedicated to serving the poor, the new order also turned its attention to missionary work in the East in an attempt to regain the Holy Land and bring about a union of the churches (q.v.). They established themselves in Constantinople during the Latin Empire (qq.v.) and soon the papacy (q.v.) found them useful as emissaries. In 1234 Pope Gregory IX sent a Franciscan mission to John III Vatatzes (q.v.) to discuss the union of the churches (q.v.). The most famous mission was by John Parastron, a Greek Franciscan, to Michael VIII (q.v.) to instruct the emperor (q.v.) in the theology (q.v.) of the Roman church prior to the Council of Lyons (q.v.). In this regard, the emperor also received Jerome of Ascoli, and Bonaventura da Mugello, the minister-general of the Franciscans, who negotiated the actual church union. The Council of Lyons only ratified what the Franciscans and Michael VIII had already agreed upon. The Franciscans continued as papal emissaries to Constantinople through the 14th century, maintaining a residence across the Golden Horn in Pera (qq.v.).

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • FRANCISCANS — FRANCISCANS, Roman Catholic Order. The presence in the Middle East of the Franciscan Friars, the Order founded by Francis of Assisi (Italy), officially approved by the Pope in 1221, started in the same year. The province of Terrae Sanctae (the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Franciscans —    This terms refers to those religious communities that trace their rule of life to Saint Francis of Assisi (1182 1226) and Saint Clare of Assisi (1194 1253); among the many communities of Franciscans are (1) male orders, such as the Friars… …   Glossary of theological terms

  • Franciscans — Fran·cis·can || fræn sɪskÉ™n n. member of a religious order founded by St. Francis of Assisi in the 13th century adj. of or pertaining to St. Francis of Assisi or the Franciscans (religious order founded by St. Francis) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • FRANCISCANS —    or MINORITES    an order of monks founded by St. Francis of Assisi in 1208; according to Ruskin, they were the order that preached with St James the gospel of Works as distinct from the Dominicans, who preached with St. Paul the gospel of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • FRANCISCANS —    the MONASTIC Order founded by FRANCIS OF ASSISI in 1209 based on the Rule of POVERTY, PREACHING and PENANCE. Two modified versions of the original Rule, which relaxed its stricter obligations, followed and opened the Order to a wider selection …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Franciscans —    Members of the order of friars founded by St francis of assisi in the thirteenth century …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Franciscans — Religious orders of mendicant friars and nuns founded by St. Francis of Assisi. See also Grey friars …   Medieval glossary

  • Franciscans International — (FI) is a non governmental organization with General Consultative status at the United Nations. With headquarters in New York City and Geneva, FI s vision is to engage policy makers and world leaders at the United Nations for the work of justice …   Wikipedia

  • Conventual Franciscans — The Order of Friars Minor Conventual (OFM Conv), commonly known as the Conventual Franciscans, is a branch of the order of Catholic Friars founded by Francis of Assisi in 1209. History The Order of Friars Minor Conventual sought to spread the… …   Wikipedia

  • Order of Lutheran Franciscans — The Order of Lutheran Franciscans is a religious order within the tradition of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA). The Order is open to Lutheran women and men, married or single, lay or ordained, who vow to live according to the… …   Wikipedia

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